Types of Infections

Video 7 of 39
2 min 56 sec
Want to watch this video? Sign up for the course or enter your email below to watch one free video.

Unlock This Video Now for FREE

This video is normally available to paying customers.
You may unlock this video for FREE. Enter your email address for instant access AND to receive ongoing updates and special discounts related to this topic.

Types of Microorganisms and Their Role in Infections

This guide provides an overview of the different types of microorganisms and their significance in the spread of infections, highlighting the importance of effective infection control practices.

1. Bacteria

Understanding bacteria:

  • Extremely small, single-celled organisms, visible only under a microscope.
  • Some bacteria are beneficial, aiding in digestion and food production.
  • Others can cause diseases and are susceptible to varying degrees to antibiotics.

2. Viruses

Characteristics of viruses:

  • Smaller than bacteria and require living cells to grow.
  • Not treatable with antibiotics, but some anti-viral drugs are available.
  • Responsible for diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.

3. Pathogenic Fungi

Types of fungal infections:

  • Includes moulds and yeasts, such as those causing ringworm and thrush.

4. Protozoa

Protozoan infections:

  • Microscopic organisms larger than bacteria.
  • Spread through ingestion, sexual transmission, or insect vectors.
  • Responsible for diseases like malaria.

5. Worms

Impact of pathogenic worms:

  • Can cause infections and spread between individuals.
  • Examples include threadworm and tapeworm.

6. Prions

Nature of prions:

  • Infectious protein particles causing diseases like vCJD.

This comprehensive understanding of microorganisms is essential for implementing effective infection control measures in various settings.