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I'm now going to demonstrate the donning of personal protective equipment when nursing a patient in isolation, a patient who is at risk of infection or is at risk of infecting other people. It's also the personal protective equipment we would use in the case of a pandemic. So the first item we would use, having washed our hands already, is the apron. Usually come on a roll, just touching the straps, head through the loop, holding on to the straps, is tied behind us.

Sometimes, before going into a dirty area, in other words, a patient tests positive for an infectious disease or we are protecting somebody from an infectious disease, when you put this equipment on, sometimes it's a good idea to have a buddy, to watch you put it on, to help you put it on and just to check that everything's in place. So the next thing we would do is put a mask on, normal face mask. Again, not really touching any of the surfaces, although your hands are clean, we need the metal strap at the top just holding onto the ear pieces, pull it to the face, over your ears and just pull it down and pinch over your chin. These are the standard masks that we use. These masks do have a protective film that you have to pull off front and back, sometimes hard to locate them, but they do have a protective film on the front and the back that need taking off. The strap is a simple press stud, and just holding the strap into your face, like so, and then placing the gloves. Placing the gloves, just hold the wrist area, try not to touch the fingers and the thumb. There we are, now ready to go in to look after a patient who is at risk of infection or who is infective.

I'm now going to demonstrate the doffing or the taking off of this personal protective equipment. So the first thing we take off is the gloves. These will have been in contact with the patient and any other dirty items, like dirty dressings, that sort of thing. So would grasp the palm of the glove, lift it off, fingers underneath the other glove, pull it off, not touching the outside surfaces, drop into the bin. We then remove the apron, we don't touch any of the face of the apron, the front of the apron, because that could be contaminated, so it's just the case of snapping, falling down, snapping at the back, moving it away from you so the dirty side is facing away, into the bin. We then remove the face shield, don't touch any of the face, this will be contaminated. I'm just lifting the straps at the back, lift up and place in the bin. And finally, we remove the mask, but don't touch anywhere of the front face of the mask because that will be contaminated as well. So just behind the ears here, just lift it, hold it, place it into the bin. Of course, we wash our hands when we finished.