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Healthcare professionals have an ethical and professional responsibility to adhere to scientifically accepted or evidence-based practices and principles of infection control.

This will avoid the spread of bloodborne pathogens and infectious diseases and enable the monitoring of the performance of those for whom the professional is responsible.

Multiple organisations publish best practices for infection control. Some areas include a legal responsibility to adhere to infection control practices. Infections that originate or occur in a hospital or hospital-like setting are conditions like urinary tract infections, respiratory pneumonia, surgical site wound infections or gastrointestinal and skin infections.

The most common pathogens that cause infections in hospitals are staph infections, pneumonia and E. coli. Healthcare professionals are on the frontline to ensure that correct policy is practised at all times to reduce risks to a minimum.